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Some interesting questions…
As the LED bulb produces very little heat, it is able to last much longer than its incandescent and halogen counterparts, as the LED light deteriorates at a much slower rate. Make sure you check out the product information on specific products for estimated lifetimes.
An IP rating is used to define the level of sealing effectiveness against dust/dirt and water. In terms of lighting, especially in the bathroom, the effectiveness of the light against water is most important. IP67 is recommended in any area where the light may be temporarily immersed in water but a much lower rating of IP44 would be acceptable in areas where there will be minimal contact with water, through condensation or light splashes.
Due to the increase in energy saving LED bulbs, the wattage of a bulb no longer indicates how bright a bulb is. The wattage only measures the power the lightbulb needs to produce the light, whereas lumens indicate how bright the bulb is and its light output. The higher the lumen value, the brighter the light output.
Due to water and condensation, precautions need to be taken when selecting your bathroom lights. Bathrooms are split up into 4 zones; zone 0, zone 1, zone 2 and outside zones.
Zone 0 - lights are positioned inside the bath or shower. Lights that are fitted in this area must be low voltage and have a rating of at least IP67.
Zone 1 - the area directly above the bath or shower. The zone is 2.25 metres from the floor, and lights in this area must have a rating of IP45 or above, plus residual current device (RCD) protection if the fitting is 240V.
Zone 2 - the area 0.6m away from the bath, shower, or wash basin. The minimum IP rating is IP44.
Outside zones – All areas that fall outside the scope of zones 0, 1 and 2 and are far away from any contact with water.